SAUDI ARAMCO: DID YOU KNOW?

Saudi Arabia 2016 | ENERGY | FOCUS

Saudi Aramco is by far the world's biggest oil firm, making the company a candidate for the title of most valuable company in the world.

Oil pipeline in the desertAccording to S&P Global Market Intelligence, the state-run company is worth between USD2 trillion and USD3 trillion. In a groundbreaking development, the Kingdom now plans to launch an initial public offering of about 5% of its shares within the next two years, when oil prices are expected to recover.

Just listing that slim percentage would be enough to qualify as the largest IPO ever. As a result, investors are following developments closely, hungry to add a share of the oil giant to their portfolios. On the other hand, the Saudi state is waiting for oil prices to soar, as the treasury expects to raise $150 billion to finance several reforms and reduce its dependence on fossil fuels.

TBY has gathered together nine facts about this industry leader as it moves toward privatization:

1. Saudi Aramco is the world's largest daily oil producer, at 12.5 million bpd, almost three times more than ExxonMobil's (5.3 million bpd), according to Forbes. In second position comes Gazprom, which produces 9.7 million bpd.

2. It generates over USD1 billion in revenue every single day, while Apple makes USD460 million and Samsung hits about USD579 million in the same period of time.

3. Additionally, the Saudi firm has the largest proven oil reserves on the planet, controlling reserves of 260 million barrels of oil which account for nearly a fifth of all the world's oil.

4. East Asia is the main destination for its crude oil exports, representing 65% of total foreign sales. The US is the second most important market with 16%, while northwest Europe and the Mediterranean combined receive 12.8%.

5. Saudi Aramco also has the fourth largest natural gas reserves in the world, at a total of 297.6tcf. The Russian colossus Gazprom is natural gas.

6. One sixth of its staff is expatriate. With 54,666 Saudi nationals and 10,600 expatriates totaling 65,226 people, Saudi Aramco has fewer employees than major competitors such as Royal Dutch Shell (with 92,000 workers) and BP (with 79,000).

7. Saudi Aramco's oil production increased by nearly 25% in the last five years, reaching 9.1 million bpd in 2011.

8. In 2015 the firm was granted 123 patents in the US and submitted 226 at the US patent and trademark office, a 30% increase on the previous year.

9. The state-owned enterprise was originally formed in 1933, when Standard Oil of California—now Chevron—was granted exploration rights in Saudi Arabia. The government progressively bought the company's local assets, and by 1988 it took full control and renamed the corporation Saudi Aramco.