AZERBAIJAN - Industry
Director, Det.Al Holding
Sarkhan Babayev is the Director of Det.Al Holding, and holds a Law Degree from the Azerbaijan State University. He is currently the General Director of Det.Al Holding, and is also a Member of the Board of Directors and Head Legal Advisor at Azeraluminium.
Det.Al Holding has several ongoing projects, one of which is the development of the Ganja Aluminum Smelter. We are planning to increase the capacity of our aluminum smelter from 50,000 tons a year to 100,000 tons during Phase II, as Phase I is already working at full capacity. We signed a construction agreement with a Chinese company and building began in 2012. Another project that we are working on is the construction of a semi-fabrication factory that will produce aluminum sheets. The capacity of the semi-fabrication factory will be 50,000 tons of aluminum sheets of different sizes per year, including 15,000 tons of painted sheets. The production from Phase II will be used to produce sheets in our semi-fabrication factory. We have worked hard in order to centralize our operations and have our aluminum smelter, alumina factory, and semi-fabrication factory in Ganja. Our semi-fabrication factory will be ready in 2013, and Phase II is expected to be completed by 2014.
We have an iron ore company in Dashkesan. We are planning to increase our iron ore production by building a new factory, which will increase capacity to 2 million tons of concentrate per year. Det.Al Holding is also building an iron pelletization factory in Ganja. We are aiming to have built the iron ore factory, the concentrate factory, the 46-kilometer pipeline from Dashkesan to Ganja with a capacity of 3.5 million tons of iron ore concentrate, the pelletization factory, the hot briquetted iron (HBI) and direct reduced iron (DRI) factory, and the steel factory within five years. This will hopefully provide for a capacity of 2 million tons per year.
We export all of our capacity of iron ore concentrate to foreign countries through ports on the Black Sea. We sell part of our iron ore to customers in Georgia and Azerbaijan. From our region, 90% of the iron ore goes to China for steel production. In the metallurgy sector, different companies use iron ore for various reasons; some make a mix using magnesium, for example. We export a small quantity to Georgia for this reason. Regarding aluminum, we export 4,500 tons a month and we sell 400 or 500 tons on the local market. The rest is exported to the EU and Turkey. Local market demand will increase over the next few years, because we have information that an Azerbaijani industrial group is planning to open a new factory that will use our aluminum as its main raw material for producing goods, such as cables, construction materials, and equipment.
It is very attractive, especially for our factories outside of Baku. The government of Azerbaijan is giving increased attention to the possibilities and opportunities of increasing the economic and social wellbeing of all regions of the country, as well as in Baku. All of the infrastructure, such as water, gas, electricity, and roads are at a very developed level, so it is very attractive for foreign investors. In addition to this, the government is offering incentives to foreign investors through different regulations and laws. Some of these advantages are in taxation and customs regulations, as well as banking issues. This makes investment very easy and secure in Azerbaijan. The infrastructure in the region has also increased and is in excellent condition now. For example, the government spent more than ‚¬150 million on the electricity supply infrastructure for the construction of our smelter and steel factories, which is very important in metallurgy. For this reason, other companies working in the metallurgy sector want to build their factories close to ours. It is a sign that the government is actively helping the economy. It is making that area attractive for foreign investors. The economy, infrastructure, and government are all moving in the right direction for foreign investors. In general, the foreign investment climate in Azerbaijan is very attractive and it gets better every year.
The Azerbaijani government is actively trying to increase non-oil FDI. It is increasing infrastructure development in the regions outside of Baku to help promote this. The government has a long-term program for increasing the economy and social wellbeing in different regions. For all regions in Azerbaijan, the government has approved different programs for development, and the majority of them are focused on increasing non-oil industrial activity. Azerbaijan exports a lot of gas, oil, and electricity, and as a producer of oil and gas products, the electricity here is cheaper than in other countries. Metallurgy relies on electricity and gas for production; approximately 40% of the cost of aluminum and steel production is electricity. When the government provides these advantages, it opens the way for other companies, agricultural centers, and factories that produce different goods for export and local requirements. The share of the non-oil industry in Azerbaijan’s economy is increasing every year. Oil production here has reached a plateau and will decrease every year. President Ilham Aliyev made a speech about the development of the non-oil sector being a high priority. Due to this, we receive a great deal of support from the government for our work.
Over the course of the next five years, we will have a new alumina factory with a capacity of 450,000 tons. We have developed a new technological process for the production of alumina from our alunite reserves in Azerbaijan, and it will make our product very profitable as the cost will decrease because we will not need to transport the raw material from abroad. The government supports us, and we are now working with different institutions from the US, Canada, Turkey, Russia, and China. We have 3 million tons of approved reserves, which is enough for the long term. Over the course of the next five years, we will also build a 200,000-ton capacity smelter and a semi-fabrication factory with a capacity of 50,000 tons. The capacity of our steel project will be 2 million tons of concentrate, 1.2 million tons of pellets, nearly 1 million tons of HBI/DRI, and approximately 800,000 tons of various steel products. In the next five years, Det.Al Holding will become the largest aluminum and steel producer in the country and the region.
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