Jan. 26, 2016

Emanuel Chaves


Emanuel Chaves

Chairman and CEO, Aeroportos de Moçambique

"The focus on agriculture and food security is one of the priorities of the government."


Emanuel Chaves is the Chairman and CEO of the Aeroportos de Moçambique. He obtained his BA and MA degrees in Economics and Management from the Catholic University of Mozambique. He moved to Maputo in 2006 and became head of ADM in 2013. He has recently completed an aerospace MBA at Toulouse Business School in France.

How would you describe the first year of operations at the Nacala International Airport?

The first year registered low amounts of both aeronautical and non-aeronautical revenue because only one airline was operating domestic scheduled flights, five times a week. The airport started receiving international traffic in December 2015.

The passenger terminal at Nacala International Airport has been awarded with the African property Awards for 2015-16. What characteristics make this infrastructure unique?

As this award was for the architects of the building, it seems that the architectural design of the building, and its comfort and functionality, were the most important characteristics being considered. The facility's architecture, design, and localization make this infrastructure unique in Africa.

Compared to other countries, the prices for domestic and international flights to and from Mozambique are still quite high. What role does the ADM play in promoting competitiveness in terms of prices?

Airport and air navigation charges are regulated and cannot be freely set by the airport companies. Regulation models vary from country to country. Our aeronautical charges compared to other countries in the region are not too high. Landing charges and passenger charges are quite reasonable, for example, but security charges are considered high. The structure of charges differs among airports. ADM plays an important role in promoting competitiveness in terms of prices, and our main strategy is to create incentives for airlines and motivate the introduction of low-cost carriers to our facilities. We recently announced the incentive scheme program to all companies flying to/from Nacala Airport. The incentive scheme has been designed to increase motivation for airlines to start flying to Nacala. We also reduced the charges for the use of passenger boarding bridges at Maputo airport by 15%. We believe we can increase the overall number of passengers of airlines operating scheduled routes to and from Maputo airport to increase attractiveness as well as to motivate airlines to extend their operations. We also have an incentive scheme for the operational fees that apply to airport parking fees, landing, air navigation services, jet fuel, handling, and catering to passengers. It excludes airport security charges (currently shared between ADM, EP, IACM, and KUDUMBA), which are treated appropriately. In order to promote the use of Nacala Airport, we propose reducing the tariffs currently in force. Those tariff reductions include 50% for Nacala routes to Nampula and Pemba and 25% for regional routes like Nacala-Addis Ababa and Nacala-Johannesburg-Nairobi, as well as 25% for domestic routes in the Ponte Aérea da Zona Norte, or Northern Region Airlift, scheme.

How do you assess the level of international cargo entering by plane in Mozambique, and will the depreciation of the metical will change trade dynamics?

According to the expectations and traffic forecasts of Airports of Mozambique Company, an air traffic increment of about 8.5% is expected in 2016 over 2015 due to the entry of new companies operating at our airports. There are partnering with several economic sectors in order to make efforts to achieve greater synergies and working closely with stakeholders to provide a further push to passengers and cargo traffic. Nacala's cargo terminal has huge potential to boost economic growth. The cargo terminal is located in an economical special trade zone and agrizone and also near a deep-sea port. The port is also set to become the country's premier logistics platform, providing connectivity to several international destinations and access to local distribution networks. Several projects being carried out in Mozambique will provide a strong impetus to the air cargo sector. On the other hand, the focus on agriculture and food security is one of the priorities of the government, as there are clear advantages to agrizone use of the land for the production of high volumes of high quality produce.

What are your expectations for the year ahead?

As long as the airport is certified it will work to win more traffic, particularly international routes. The coming year is expected to be one of reforms, with the gas, petrol, and agriculture megaprojects of gas, petrol, coal, and agriculture growing and bringing in increased investment and more exports. The opening of Nacala International Airport and the concentration of international traffic in the north of the country will propitiate a restructuring of flight routes, with more passengers and airline companies flying to Mozambique.