IRAN - Energy & Mining
Minister of Petroleum, Iran
Rostam Qassemi is the current Minister of Petroleum of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He has over 22 years of experience in the oil and gas sector, being heavily involved in the South Pars project as well as the development of facilities at Assuluyeh. He is a former Board Member of the Industrial Development and Renovation Organization of Iran (IDRO), as well as Chairman of Iran Marine Industrial Co. (SADRA), among other positions involved in both upstream and downstream oil and gas facilities. He was elected to parliament in 1988 and reelected in 1992 and 1996. Additionally, he was President of OPEC for 2011. He was born in 1964 and graduated in Civil Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology.
Iran’s Ministry of Petroleum and its subsidiaries, based on the deals signed with contractors, are doing their utmost to minimize losses inflicted on investors should the costs of project implementation increase. Normally, based on the content of the contracts, investors are bound to accept risks associated with their activities. As far as financing the projects is concerned, if the ministry and its subsidiaries face funding shortages, we would focus on several strategies: implementing projects with acceptable physical progress; developing oil and gas fields shared with neighboring countries; and providing customs, economic, financial, and taxation incentives.
The facilities envisaged in the MoU mainly apply to upstream projects, and more specifically to the shared fields, in order to enhance oil and gas production and encourage competition. Given the National Development Fund of Iran’s (NDFI’s) mission to finance projects operated by the private sector, contractors, manufacturers, and other private contributors will receive the required funds. Moreover, the development of upstream projects will lay the groundwork for the expansion of refining, gas, and petrochemical units, which would, in turn, expand the oil industry’s value chain.
More than $4.5 billion is forecast to be invested in the exploration of hydrocarbon reserves through the fifth Five-Year Development Plan (FYDP) over 2010-2015. To that effect, exploration operations are already planned in Khorramabad, Garmsar, Deyr, Danan, and the Moghan II blocks. Moreover, 16 new onshore and eight offshore blocks are also expected to undergo exploration operations during this period. Articles 125 and 129 of the FYDP require the Ministry of Petroleum to support exploration operations.
Sinopec is currently developing the Yadavaran oil field, the early production of which is forecast to reach 20,000 barrels per day (bbl/d). After the full implementation of the project, the field will be producing 180,000 bbl/d.
Given the daily growing use of petrochemical products across the world, the countries facing shortages in feedstock, technology, infrastructure, and experienced manpower are often driven out of the loop due to high production costs. But in Iran, thanks to huge gas, gas condensate, and liquid reserves, the petrochemical industry is thriving and welcomes investment. A simple review of the country’s petrochemical production under the third, fourth, and fifth FYDPs indicate that investment in the petrochemical and downstream industries has been growing at an acceptable level. To that effect, the Ministry envisages introducing new opportunities for investment, supplying feedstock to petrochemical plants, contributing to the centralization of the investment permissions procedure, establishing petrochemical towns to serve the petrochemical value chain in a complementary fashion, and preparing the necessary infrastructure for new petrochemical plants.
The development of refining industries is aimed at halting crude oil sales. To that effect, the Ministry envisages boosting oil product exports. If everything goes as planned, Iran will be exporting 34 million liters of gasoline a year by 2015.
Such a venture, although not yet agreed upon, is envisaged through the contribution of private contractors. However, the Energy Fund has been set up with the contribution of domestic banks to finance oil and gas projects.
Based on the fifth FYDP, the objectives of the oil industry in 2013 include: increasing the country’s crude oil production to 4.831 million bbl/d; raising the country’s natural gas production to 973 million cubic meters per day (mcm/d); lifting gas condensate production to 781,000 bbl/d; boosting natural gas exports to 125 mcm/d; upping naphtha and natural gasoline production to 106,000 bbl/d; escalating gasoline and gasoil production to 82 million liters per day (ml/d) and 97 ml/d, respectively; and finalizing decisions about the development of shared oil and gas fields.
IRAN - Energy & Mining
Managing Director, Sazeh Pardazi Iran Consulting Engineers Co.
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