How have ties with the EU evolved since the signing of the free trade agreement (FTA) in August 2013?
Following the signing of this FTA, relations between Panama and the EU definitely changed and ensured stronger regional ties between Central America and Europe. This, along with the fact that Panama is the main investment partner of the EU in the region, also means more responsibility for our country when looking at ties between Panama and the EU. The trade pillar is, of course, accompanied by both a political and cooperative agreement. It will lead our country to put more emphasis on global matters that have importance also for the EU. We have shown this by being more outspoken on the Syrian and Iranian situation, both of which are pressing issues for Brussels.
Since Panama has shown interest in being part of the Pacific Alliance, what is the relevance of such a partnership for the country?
Joining the Pacific Alliance is a normal and natural move for Panama, a country that has been moving forward in terms of regional trade integration. In this context, we are already partners with the founding members of the Alliance, and closed an FTA with Mexico, a country with which we have also had long historical ties. Therefore, taking this context into consideration, it is only normal that Panama advances to a new stage, which is joining the Pacific Alliance. If we have not done it before, it has been due to technical issues regarding the conclusion of trade agreements with some of the members of the Alliance. Ultimately, we see the Pacific Alliance as a key element for advancing our strategy to become closer with Asia. In fact, Martinelli's administration had always stated its aim of signing trade agreements with South Korea and, hopefully, Japan. We also have an important flow of trade with China. The Pacific Alliance is to become a key element in the process of the transformation and development of Panama's foreign affairs policies and strategies.
How could Panama benefit from closer ties with the Dominican Republic in the Caribbean region?
I think both countries can benefit from closer ties; the Dominican Republic considers itself as a gateway to the Caribbean region, something Panama also believes of itself, in terms of transport, capacity and trade. It is normal and natural for Panama to have such a belief, as we are both situated in the middle of the American continent. I think Panama is another platform for Caribbean countries, and, therefore, we can complement each other in a balanced way. For us, bilateral ties with the Dominican Republic are key and they have helped us to better address issues in the Caribbean region and to better understand its realities.
Which sectors have the most potential to further develop trade ties with the Dominican Republic?
Panama is a services-oriented economy, meaning we believe that we can provide the Dominican Republic with excellent services to support its foreign trade. At the same time, I think we can benefit from light-manufacturing works from the Dominican Republic. For example, the light-manufacturing sector could benefit significantly from closer ties between both countries, as well as the agriculture industry. In this context, the agriculture industry would also include equipment, fertilizers, and related products.