IRAN - Real Estate & Construction
Managing Director, Fars & Khuzestan Cement Company (FKCC)
Mohammad Reza Montazeri has a Bsc in Civil Engineering from Texas A&M University, and received his MBA in Management locally. He previously worked in the Ministry of Roads and Transportation in a variety of managerial positions. Most recently, he worked as a Board Member and Vice-President of the company responsible for the construction and development of transportation infrastructure as well as a Director for the construction of freeway projects. He also served as the Director for the Bam Reconstruction Office and participated in plans for a World Bank loan from 2003-2005. Montazeri is a Board Member and the Managing Director of SSO Cement Holding, which includes subsidiaries Tamin and FKCC.
Fars & Khuzestan has been in the business for 62 years—since our first plant was established in Fars. Throughout that time, we have been continuously growing. In 2011, our production grew at a rate of about 6%. In that same time, overall cement production in Iran has grown from 56 million tons to 66 million tons annually. We are still the number one cement producer in Iran, with 17 plants all over the country. Currently, we are focusing on productivity and increasing the capacity of the machinery in our plants. We are also following a strategy of focusing more on producing blended cement.
There are a number of companies under Fars & Khuzestan Holding, some of which are active in areas such as consultancy and cement plant construction. However, the Board of Directors has now decided to sell a number of these companies so we can focus solely on cement production and trading. Many of the companies in Fars & Khuzestan Holding were founded to provide specific services that were needed to support the work of our main cement business. However, in recent years, it has become easier for us to obtain these services more competitively from outside providers. Our focus now is on maintaining and growing our market share in cement production. We are also looking to increase our share of the export market. Right now, about 14% or 15% of our production is exported to other countries. We own 55% of all production plants in Iran and shares in 55% of the cement market. Our goal is to increase our market share. We are in negotiations to purchase shares in a number of other producers, which would bring our market share up to about 60%.
The construction industry is mainly divided into two sections. The first is government infrastructure projects, which are very important for the cement industry. The second is the housing industry. For the last 10 years the construction sector has been growing at about 5% to 10% annually. As a result, local cement consumption has been increasing every year—in 2011, at about 6%. Our strategy for now is to increase our exports so that we can adjust to changes in local cement consumption each year.
It varies from year to year, depending on the amount of investment from both the government and the private sector. Through 2010 and 2011, the government has been involved in housing projects all around the country, so for the past few years we have been working primarily with the government. However, in 2012, as these government projects have been completed, we have begun to work more heavily with the private sector.
Iran is still a developing country. That means that construction and infrastructure projects are still active. This will translate into strong demand for cement for at least the next decade. With our wealth of raw materials, Iran has the capacity to easily produce more than enough cement to meet domestic demand.
That said, I don’t know how much more scope there is for further expansion of the cement industry in Iran. There are 15 plants under construction right now. Once they are completed, cement production capacity in Iran will increase to 92 million tons per year, which should meet domestic consumption needs. Instead, the future may lie in blended cement, which could increase existing capacity by a further 150%, bringing our future capacity to 135 million tons. That’s a huge amount of cement. Instead of building new plants, we should focus on productivity and capacity, both of which can be increased by producing blended cement. Blended cement also has environmental benefits because it saves energy. That is why it is important for us to move in this direction. Switching to blended cement production will lower costs and be more environmentally friendly. In my opinion, it is the way we should be producing all cement right now.
Iran is in a strategic location. Not only do we benefit from oil wealth, but also neighboring countries all have massive construction plans. For example, Qatar is planning to host the World Cup in 2022, and has a 10-year construction plan in place. Iraq, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan also all have big construction plans. In addition, we are seeing increasing demand for cement in Africa, although at this point we are not in a position to export massively to that continent.
Holcim, which produces about 10% or 11% of the cement in Iran, is the only major foreign producer in the country. There is not necessarily room for new plants, but there is certainly the scope for foreign companies to invest in increasing the productivity of existing cement plants.
Two years ago, cement demand was higher than production; Iran faced a shortage of cement. Now, supply has surpassed demand. Two years ago, there was no need to expand or diversify production. Now, you have to spend money on introducing your brand to the market. It is more difficult to sell cement now than it was two years ago. If you want to be competitive, you need to distinguish yourself from the competition with quality and variety in order to meet customer demand. That is why we are now focusing on building our brand—something that didn’t mean anything three years ago. Branding, packaging, and quality are the major factors that determine whether or not you will be able to compete in the Iranian cement market.
We are focusing on following our strategic plan. We have doubled our capacity in the past eight years, so I don’t think we need to invest in more plants. Our focus now is on quality, branding, and costs, all of which will help us stay competitive and maintain our market share. Our goal is to ensure that our investors are earning more than long-term bank deposit interest rates.
IRAN - Energy & Mining
Managing Director, Sazeh Pardazi Iran Consulting Engineers Co.
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