What are going to be the main implications of the 5G rollout in Oman for the country's industry verticals and society?
ABDULLAH AL BALUSHI 5G mobile technology is expected to have a greater impact on every part of our day-to-day lives and offer diverse services. 5G's uses span across industries; examples include smart agriculture, flood sensors, industrial applications and control, smart meters, remote training, remote surgery, shipment tracking, fleet management, and traffic safety and control. 5G will also drive the evolution of mobile broadband to enhanced mobile broadband, offering media anywhere, broadcasting, and augmented reality-based applications. 5G deployment should follow the business introduction strategy; 5G could require more investment when compared to earlier 4G/LTE. The usage of 5G is different than 4G, as 4G customers demand the typical mobile broadband service to access different applications like Facebook, YouTube, and other streaming applications, while, 5G is more immersive. You can run a fully automated power plant or an autonomous car. This is because 5G is ultra-reliable and has a higher response time (low latency) that is significantly faster than 4G.
CLAUDIA VERGUEIRO MASSEI 5G is strictly connected to the advent of IoT, which entails a large number of connected sensors grabbing data from fixed and mobile devices and performing analysis in the cloud, which will then start being optimized. While IoT will undoubtedly impact the industrial sector, we will first see the strongest impact of IoT at a consumer level. For example, we are moving toward adaptive buildings capable of gathering data, storing it in the cloud, and becoming occupation-centric. The buildings will thus respond to the inputs of the people inside to automatically adjust features, such as temperature, lighting, humidity, in a segmented and personalized way, in a short timeframe. It is also worth highlighting that with higher levels of digital activity happening, the need to invest in reliable cybersecurity solutions is certainly there. This will prove to be even more essential in the case of industrial applications of IoT technology.
What impact do you expect IoT to have on Omani businesses and society?
AAB In the 5G era, service providers anticipate the ability to provide highly scalable and intelligent services through open and globally standardized technology. It is forecast to be a platform affecting various key sectors such as transport, healthcare, mining, and agriculture to name just a few. Smart technologies will play different, positive roles in society. Economically, these developments will have far-reaching impacts for the entire nation. We will see development from every angle; however, we should not forget that these new technologies represent massive changes in our culture, and our policymakers need to think about how to make the community ready for these changes. For that, we need to determine how the fourth industrial revolution will lead to positive outcomes. We are certain that innovative services of the future are going to be built on 5G technology. 5G networks are the platform for all future innovation in Oman, delivering new consumer experiences and enabling Industry 4.0.
Where does Oman's industrial sector offer the greatest opportunities for energy efficiencies?
CVM Energy efficiency opportunities in Oman need to be contextualized within the growing sophistication of the Sultanate's industrial landscape. From a utility standpoint, not only must players familiarize themselves with concepts such as battery storage, electric chargers, and grid edge, they also have to embrace the challenges of integrating different energy sources in the same system, as well as respond to energy consumers moving up the ladder toward the energy source, becoming producers themselves. Within this complex environment, technology will play a major role in managing power in a more cost-efficient way, through algorithms and intelligent tools. The advent of the spot market is a positive step in that direction. Now, if we take the perspective of industries such as oil and gas, a critical role played by new technologies is evident in the case of debottlenecking. Normally, such industrial plants are based on a chain of processes, with the least efficient process limiting all the other ones, also known as bottleneck. Siemens is able to build a digital twin of the complete interconnected industrial system under analysis, perform virtual simulations to identify its low performing components, and determine the optimal configuration for all equipment to maximize operational efficiency.